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Piano Tuning: How Long Does It Take? | Explained!

how long does piano tuning take

If you’ve ever listened to the melodious strains of a finely tuned piano, you might have wondered, “How long does piano tuning take?” The short answer is, typically, between one and two hours for an acoustic piano in good condition.

However, the complexity involved in the piano tuning process could stretch this time considerably depending on a number of reasons, which we’ll dive into later.

The Craft of Tuning

When it comes to tuning, acoustic pianos have an edge. While digital pianos mimic their acoustic counterparts, nothing quite matches the authentic sound produced by real piano strings.

The Process

The tuning process primarily revolves around adjusting the tension of the strings using tuning pins. The objective is to align the piano’s pitch with a standard, often A440 in the United States.

The best way to approach this is by starting from Middle C. From there, the piano tuner gradually makes their way across the keyboard, adjusting the pitch of each string.

Tools of the Trade

Most piano tuners use a combination of special tools. The tuning fork is often the tuner’s best friend, producing a pitch perfect A440. An electronic tuner can also come in handy for fine tuning. Additionally, a tuning hammer is used for turning the tuning pins.

Variables That Affect Tuning Time

Despite the general range of one to two hours, the duration of tuning can change based on the condition of the piano, the environment, and the technician’s expertise.

Piano’s State

  • new piano might need extra work to stabilize the string tension. The first year is usually the most crucial as the new strings stretch and settle, requiring more regular tuning.
  • An older piano, especially a neglected piano, may need extensive adjustments or even repairs before it can be tuned properly.
  • The type of piano also matters. For instance, upright pianos often take less time than grand pianos to tune due to their design and string arrangement.

Here is a table that shows the estimated time it takes to tune a piano based on its age and the difference between an upright piano verses a grand piano:

Age of PianoEstimated Tuning Time – Upright PianosEstimated Tuning Time – Grand Pianos
New (0-1 year)1.5 – 2 hours2 – 2.5 hours
Young (1-10 years)1 – 1.5 hours1.5 – 2 hours
Middle-aged (10-50 years)1.5 – 2 hours2 – 2.5 hours
Old (50-100 years)2 – 3 hours2.5 – 3.5 hours
Antique (100+ years)3+ hours3.5+ hours


Pianos are largely composed of wood, and wooden parts are sensitive to environmental changes. Therefore, when your piano needs a tune, it’s a good idea to consider the following factors:

  • Temperature: Temperature changes can affect the tension in the strings, causing the piano to go out of tune. Try to maintain a stable temperature to avoid this.
  • Humidity: Similarly, humidity changes can impact the wood in the piano. Experts, such as those from the Piano Technicians Guild, recommend keeping the relative humidity around 42% for best results.
  • Location: Avoid placing the piano near an outside wall, under direct sunlight, or near a heat source. These areas are prone to temperature and humidity fluctuations which can affect tuning.
  • Moving: If your piano has been moved to a new environment, it will take some time to acclimatize. After this adjustment period, it’s a good idea to get a new tuning.

The Tuner’s Expertise

good piano tuner, often a Registered Piano Technician from a professional organization like the Piano Technicians Guild, can be a helpful. These technicians have the skills and knowledge to adjust your piano’s pitch to the perfect standard. While a beginner tuner might take longer, an experienced professional could accomplish the task in a shorter span of time.

The Benefits of Regular Tuning

Keeping your piano in tune is one of the most important things you can do to maintain its sound quality and longevity. Regular tuning can help prevent more serious problems down the line. Here are some of the key benefits:

  • Prolonged Lifespan: Regular tuning keeps your piano in good condition, extending its life.
  • Quality Sound: A well-tuned piano produces the best sound, enhancing your playing experience.
  • Cost-Effective: Regular maintenance can save you from expensive repairs in the long run.

Final Thoughts

So, you might now understand that the simple question of “How long does piano tuning take?” is influenced by several factors. Although it can take a long time, remember that it is an essential investment into the longevity and sound quality of your piano.

Regardless of whether you’re working with an upright piano or a grand piano, whether it’s a brand-new piece from the piano store or an antique, investing in the services of a qualified technician is always the best option.

So, for the next time you find your piano sounding off, you know that it’s more than just a quick fix. It’s a delicate and complex process that ensures your piano can continue to create beautiful music for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

What happens if a piano hasn’t been tuned for a long time?

If a piano isn’t regularly tuned, the pitch can drop significantly over time. This makes the tuning process more complicated when it is eventually done, often requiring a ‘pitch raise’ before the fine tuning can be done. Neglecting regular tuning could also lead to other issues such as sticky keys or loose pins.

Why does my new piano go out of tune quickly?

It’s not uncommon for a new piano to go out of tune more quickly than an older one. This is because the new strings are still stretching and settling. Regular tuning during the first year can help stabilize the piano’s pitch.

Can moving a piano cause it to go out of tune?

Yes, moving a piano can indeed cause it to go out of tune. The physical movement can jostle the intricate internal components of the piano, including the strings and tuning pins. Additionally, changes in temperature and humidity at the piano’s new location can also affect the tuning.

What is the difference between a pitch raise and a tuning?

A pitch raise is a preliminary step to tuning, often required when a piano hasn’t been tuned for a long period and its pitch has dropped significantly. The process brings the strings closer to their standard pitch. Once the pitch raise is completed, fine tuning can then be carried out to precisely adjust each string to its correct pitch.

Is it possible for a piano to be untunable?

While rare, some pianos can become untunable, particularly very old or severely neglected ones. If the tuning pins become loose and can’t hold the necessary tension for the strings, or if the strings themselves are corroded or damaged, tuning might be impossible without extensive repairs or replacement of parts. In some cases, the cost of these repairs could exceed the value of the piano.